Cooperation with UN family in Vienna is one of the priorities of Kazakhstan’s foreign policy. The main objective of this cooperation is to ensure strategic interests of the Republic of Kazakhstan at the international level in the areas of safe and secure exploitation of nuclear energy, nuclear nonproliferation, ban of nuclear tests, combating drugs, organized crime and corruption, green and sustainable industrial development, space affairs and other areas. Within the UN system in Vienna, Kazakhstan has established a strong and long-term cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Office on Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA), United Nations Office in Vienna (UNOV), United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) and others.
IAEA is the leading global platform for scientific and technological cooperation in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear energy and technology. The Republic of Kazakhstan, being a member of the IAEA since 1994, actively participates in the Agency’s broad spectrum of work and national and regional projects aimed at facilitating the transfer and development of nuclear technologies and know-how as they pertain to civil nuclear uses, including nuclear energy and the nuclear fuel cycle, as well as the development of human resources in the field of nuclear science.
CTBTO’s main goal is the promotion of the entry into force of the Treaty that bans all nuclear test explosions. Upon the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Republic of Kazakhstan had inherited the world’s fourth largest nuclear arsenal, which it subsequently voluntarily renounced, and today is an active advocate of the global process of non-proliferation and reduction of nuclear weapons through the advancement of various large-scale initiatives. Among these is the declaration by the United Nations General Assembly of 29 August as the International Day against Nuclear Tests, and the convening in Kazakhstan of yearly international forums with the participation of prominent politicians, experts, and academia to discuss nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation issues. Kazakhstan has signed and ratified the Treaty, and operates 5 monitoring stations which are linked to the CTBTO International Monitoring System to detect nuclear test explosions and act as the Treaty’s verification mechanism.
Cooperation between Kazakhstan and UNODC has been expanding consequently every year. As of today, Kazakhstan is member of all fundamental and universal conventions on combating drugs and crime. Since its creation in 1997, UNODC jointly with Government of Kazakhstan has been implementing different projects, addressing the issues of prevention of drug abuse, fighting HIV/AIDS, prevention of drug use and treatment of drug addicts.
Interaction with UNIDO in the area of technical cooperation has a significant importance for Kazakhstan given the advanced experience of UNIDO in promoting sustainable industrial development and green growth. Technical cooperation of RK and UNIDO will effectively complement the national measures of raising the competitiveness of the country and implementing the tasks State program on industrial-innovative development.
Over the past few years cooperation between Kazakhstan and the UNOOSA has significantly strengthened in the light of one of UNOOSA’s goals to support developing countries in the use of space technologies for their economic development. Experts from the National Space Agency of Kazakhstan have been taking part in regular sessions of the COPUOS, and the COPUOS Scientific and Technical Subcommittee and Legal Subcommittee, as well as working group sessions.
Despite numerous remarkable achievements there is still an enormous potential to be unleashed in cooperation between Kazakhstan and UN organizations in Vienna.