International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

On February 14, 1994 Kazakhstan became the 121st member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). On July 26, 1994 in Almaty Agreement between the Republic of Kazakhstan and the IAEA for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (S.Tereschenko-Hans Blix), was signed and then ratified by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan № 2344 on June 19, 1995.
In accordance with the Agreement on Safeguards implementation all nuclear activities in Kazakhstan have been placed under the IAEA safeguards. IAEA inspections of nuclear facilities in Kazakhstan have been regularly conducted in order to verify and confirm the quantity of nuclear material and nuclear activities officially declared by the country.
On February 6, 2004 in Vienna, the Additional Protocol to the Agreement between Kazakhstan and the IAEA for the Application of Safeguards was signed, which was ratified on 19 February, 2007 and entered into force on May 9, 2007.
Kazakhstan is a party to the Convention on Nuclear Safety, the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management, the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, the Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident, the Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency, the Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage.
Kazakhstan is actively cooperating with the IAEA within the framework of the Technical Cooperation Programme.
On October 12-13, 2011 the IAEA held an official visit of the Director-General Yukiya Amano to Kazakhstan and its participation in the activities of the "Forum for a Nuclear-Free World" in the cities Astana, Semey and Kurchatov. He met with the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev and other officials.
In March 2012 the IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano was honoured a jubilee medal “20 Years of Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan”.
In 2011 Kazakhstan made a voluntary contribution of 50 million euro to build a new analytical laboratory of the Department of Safeguards in Seibersdorf.
At the end of 2012 Kazakhstan made a voluntary contribution of 100 000 and 250 000 US dollars to the Initiative on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy and the Nuclear Security Fund, respectively. Part of the fee was aimed at the implementation of the project to establish LEU Bank. In 2015 voluntary contributions were made in the amount of 50 000 and 250 000 US dollars to the Initiative on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy and the Nuclear Security Fund, respectively, as well as 25 000 US dollars for the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan on the Iranian nuclear program.
An important area of cooperation with the IAEA is the establishment of the IAEA Bank of low-enriched uranium (LEU) in Kazakhstan.
In December 2010 the IAEA Board of Governors approved the IAEA LEU Bank Project. On August 27, 2015 Kazakhstan and the IAEA signed an agreement on the establishment of IAEA LEU Bank in Kazakhstan. After commissioning a new building for LEU Bank, which is expected in the second half of 2017, the bank will be launched.
The Host States Agreement between Kazakhstan and the IAEA has been concluded for 10 years, renewable for another 10 years, after which the IAEA and its Member States may decide whether to extend the project or suspend it.
IAEA LEU Bank will be located in Ust-Kamenogorsk on the basis of “Ulba Metallurgical Plant” and will be a reserve supply of fuel for nuclear power plants (low-enriched to a level of 4.95% uranium - 235 in high-strength metal cylinders). A reserve of LEU will be enough for a full load a reactor with capacity of 1000 MW. LEU will be under the control and in the official legal possession of the IAEA and will be used in the event that any country - a member of the IAEA will not be able to receive fuel from a traditional supplier for political reasons. It's a kind of a guaranteed reserve by the IAEA for the states that use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, who suddenly face the problem with the supply of uranium for nuclear power plants.
Maintaining additional LEU reserve under the auspices of the IAEA guarantees all member states of the Agency access to nuclear fuel and in no way does not affect the legitimate and inalienable right of each state party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) to the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
On May 11-22, 2015 the first Kazakhstan national report on the implementation of the Joint Convention was approved. The IAEA noted a high level of preparation of the report.
In June 2015 the Secretariat made an “extended conclusion” about the absence of undeclared nuclear materials and activities in respect of 65 states, including Kazakhstan, which concluded safeguards agreements and additional protocols. For Kazakhstan the “extended conclusion” was issued for the first time. This conclusion of the Agency acknowledges the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities in Kazakhstan.
On September 14-18, 2015 the delegation of Kazakhstan headed by the Minister of Energy V.Shkolnik took part in the 59th session of the IAEA General Conference. The Kazakh delegation also included representatives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, JSC "Kazatomprom", National Nuclear Centre and others.
On December 2, 2015 and June 13, 2016 there were meeting between the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan E.Idrisov and IAEA Director General Y.Amano, during which the parties discussed the issues of establishment of the LEU Bank in Kazakhstan, including cost-sharing of a new building construction at the facilities of Ulba Metallurgical Plant, Kazakhstan's participation in the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan between Iran and the “six” countries, as well as issues of cooperation between Kazakhstan and the IAEA on the use of nuclear technology in agriculture, food and water security.